Read the article with the rose color glasses off:
" “Finite-Volume Cubed-Sphere” (or FV3) dynamical core, which simulates the basic atmospheric physics at the heart of this endeavor, a change that has been in the works for a while." It goes on to say the weather community does not think the results are so good. My take on it is, man can not predict climate or weather absolutely because it is out of our control and factors we don't understand, random, mother nature knows....
Obviously weather predictions in short term can be accurate, especially with local knowledge of experts. Now that all the local flight stations local as well as weather observers and forecasters are long gone, WX predictions relies mostly on computer algorithms or "models" from people 1000 mile away. Accuracy degraded in the 80's and 90's because of the loss of local knowledge. These computer models involve assumptions and a lot of data, technology has improved... However the "ASSUMPTION" part is an issue. All I want to know is the WX above Mins at time arrival regardless of "Finite-Volume Cubed-Sphere".
We now have extensive satellite data since the 60's to present day. We have more data about ocean water temperatures, more stations reporting weather real time. Before internet they had weather teletype or faxes. Most of the world is not as well observed as USA. Only in the last 100-130 years have we got "good" data for North America. "Good" is a relative term, in that it's a mercury thermometer read by a human, who has to make reading at precise times to capture max and mins. (They did have some max/min reading thermometers)
ALL WEATHER is due to uneven heating and cooling of the earths surface. This is all driven by the SUN and planetary motion. Of course night it is cooler and day hotter in general. Depending on latitude it is colder in winter than summer. We know we have Westerly winds middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees, drives North America weather patterns and upper wind patterns. These are all knows, observed. They still launch weather balloons to get lapse rate and winds. Aircraft with IRS and GPS can get real time weather (winds and temps) and transmit that. Then there is terrain and water, that effects weather, and on and on. All this sounds great. Yet weather or climate is not 100% predictable. They get weather predictions wrong. We have to accept that, regardless of the new "Finite-Volume Cubed-Sphere" model.
So the point is? Long term predictions the further out, the more uncertain, because man can not control weather. Weather in a word is not completely predictable sometimes. Not to get political this is why claims or predictions of extreme global climate change decades out are so bad... You still see weather predictions 24 hours or 7 days from now being off. You see bad weather being predicted and nothing happens. You see storms and bad weather pop-up that was not predicted. I would not be surprised if this new model gets canned and they put the previous program back in the mix. I suspect they will use both in parallel. WHAT DRIVES THIS? They say super computers that can make more calculations. Back to my point, super computers can't predict weather, because weather is controlled by SUN, Planetary motion and phenomenons we don't control that are random.
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Last edited by gmcjetpilot : 06-15-2019 at 01:59 PM.